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Ticagrelor does not affect left ventricular remodeling following acute myocardial ischemia
Med Biol Sci Eng 2021;4(1):34-41
Published online January 31, 2021
© 2021 Medical Biological Science and Engineering.

Hyun Kuk Kim1*, Kyung Seob Lim2*, Sung Soo Kim1 , Joo-Young Na3

1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Chosun University Medical School, Gwangju, 2Futuristic Animal Resource and Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Ochang, 3Department of Pathology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Korea
Correspondence to: Sung Soo Kim
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Chosun University Medical School, 365 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61452, Korea
Tel: +82-62-220-3240
Fax: +82-62-228-7174
E-mail: kholywater@gmail.com
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5190-227X

*These authors (Hyun Kuk Kim and Kyung Seob Lim) contributed equally to this work.
Received December 1, 2020; Revised December 11, 2020; Accepted December 15, 2020.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Despite ticagrelor’s proven superiority to clopidogrel in treating patients with acute coronary syndrome, it is unclear whether its actions are mediated by antiplatelet inhibition or by some other pleotropic effect. In this study, we used a porcine model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to evaluate the efficacy of ticagrelor administered at a similar level of platelet inhibition to that seen with clopidogrel. Twenty pigs were grouped according to the P2Y12-receptor inhibitors (ticagrelor or clopidogrel). Platelet inhibition was monitored by measuring adenosine diphosphate - induced platelet aggregation. A chronic ischemic heart model was artificially generated by embolization of the middle left anterior descending coronary artery. Animals received a maintenance dose of the antiplatelet agents. Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed on the surviving animals 2 weeks later. Both 180 mg ticagrelor and 600 mg clopidogrel exerted a significant and consistent antiplatelet effect showing platelet aggregation inhibition of 50.7±22.9% and 45.5±21.0%, respectively, p=0.614), which persisted for up to 2 weeks. However, no significant differences were observed in ventricular arrhythmia (40% vs. 50%, respectively; p=0.886). The ejection fraction measured 2 weeks after surgery was 44.6± 7.4% in the ticagrelor group and 36.9±5.7% in the clopidogrel group (p=0.091). In a chronic ischemic heart failure model with a similar level of platelet inhibition, ticagrelor was no better than clopidogrel in reducing mortality and improving cardiac function.
Keywords : Myocardial infarction; Cardiac arrhythmia; Antiplatelet agent
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